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日志

 
 

2011年高考作文复习专题之应用文专题  

2012-05-11 21:12:48|  分类: 高中英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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                             作文专题应用文---日记

一.日记

◆     日记:日记是用来叙述一天中发生的有意义事件的文体。

第一,  注意日记的格式:一般是左上角写当天的日期,右上角写当天的天气情况(cloudy/ clear/ windy/ rainy/ fine/ snowy…)。日期通常采用两种写法:一种是按“月、日、年”顺序;另一种是按“日、月、年”的顺序。注意要在年份之前有一个逗号,而且月份通常可用缩写词(如:Jan., Feb., Mar.等)。如果需要写星期,可将其写在日期的前面或后面。如:Monday, May15th, 2008或May15th, 2008, Monday

第二,  抓准日记的时态:日记记叙的时间通常是在当天的下午或晚上,因此所用的时态多为过去时态。但应灵活掌握,如果日记叙述天气、描写景色或为了描写生动,也可用现在时。

第三,  日记一般按事情发生的先后顺序记述,所以常需借助一些表示先后顺序的词语,如at first, then, later on, afterwards, finally, at last等。一定要注意句与句、段与段之间的连接和过渡,适当使用一些过渡词语使其连接紧凑、过渡自然。

第四,  确立日记的中心要点,尽量突出主题,可以通过对某个细节、某个侧面的描写来突出主题,千万不要写成一个流水帐。

 

★日记常用句子

(1)外出活动、欣赏美景

·I had a pleasant outing with some of my classmates today.今天我很高兴和我的同学一起出游。

·Early in the morning, we set off for the farm for a visit.今早我们动身前往农场参观。

·When we reached the farm, we were given a warm welcome.当我们到达农场的时候,我们受到了热烈的欢迎。

·They showed us around the farm(We were shown around the farm), where we saw many kinds of plants.他们带领我们参观了农场,在那里我们看到了各种各样的植物。

·We caught sight of a stream with green grass and beautiful flowers on both sides.在小溪的两边,我们看到了绿草和漂亮的花。

·We were completely amazed at the wonder and the greatness of nature.(我们完全被大自然的奇妙和伟大折服了)

·Once on the top of the hill/The moment we got to the top of the hill, we were deeply struck/attracted by the beautiful scenery.我们一达到山顶就被眼前的美景深深地吸引了。

·How we enjoyed the beautiful views from the top!

·After being divided into groups, we set to work at once. 分组之后,我们马上开始工作了。

·Some of us were getting water, some (were) cutting the meat and vegetables, and others (were) sitting on the grass enjoying music. 我们中一些人打水,一些切肉和菜,还有一些坐在草地上听音乐。

·Three hours had passed before we knew it.

·The time passed quickly before we knew it.

·It was time for us to go back when the sun started to go down.当太阳下山的时候,我们也该回去了。

·At four o'clock in the afternoon we had to return / had to say goodbye to them..下午四点我们不得不和他们告别。

·On the way back, we were laughing and talking all the time. 在回来的路上,我们一路有说有笑。

·What a wonderful weekend we had!

·We enjoyed ourselves very much.

·Through these out-of class activities we can learn a lot of things that can't be learned in class.通过这些课外活动,我们学到了许多课堂上学不到的东西。

·Although we were tired, we felt very happy. I think it's our duty to cover our country with green.

(2)意外事故、天灾人祸

·I was walking along the street when a terrible accident happened in the street.

·One day something unpleasant happened.,一天,一件不愉快的事情发生了。

·The girl fell off her bike and was badly hurt.

·An elderly man was hit by a car while he was crossing the road .

·Fortunately, the injured people were sent to hospital without delay.

·The girl was too frightened to move.

·The accident delayed all the traffic for an hour and caused the damage of $80,000 这起事故导致了一个小时的交通堵塞和$80,000的经济损失。

·Lots of people lost their lives in the floods.

·The big floods, which occurred in 1998, caused great losses.发生在1998年的那次大洪水造成了巨大的损失

·A big fire broke out in an office building in a busy street. The cause of the fire has been unknown. 在一条繁忙的街道上的写字楼发生了大火。事故的原因还不知道。

·The fire lasted about two hours and was finally put out in the afternoon. 火灾持续了两个小时,下午才被扑灭。

·As a result, the three-storied building was destroyed, 50 people were killed, and more than 200 were injured.

·Up to the present, the cause of the accident is still unknown. 到目前,事故原因还未知。

(3)助人为乐、舍己救人

·Without thinking about her own safety, she rushed out and pulled him back.他不顾自己的安危,匆忙地跑过去把他来了回来。

·She told the teacher what had happened to her on the way to school.

·The blind man was out of danger, but she lost her life./ got injured. 那位老人脱离了危险,但她却失去了生命。

·He was praised for what he had done. 他的行为被表扬。

·They all thanked him for his help.

·We hurried to the policeman for help. 我们急忙寻求警察帮助。

·With the help of the policeman, we found the owner of the bag. 在警察的帮助下,我们找到了包包的主人。

·A clever idea came to his mind. 他写出了一个好的主意

·Then he put his idea into practice.

·I left the hospital without giving my name.

·This may be the most unforgettable experience of my life. 这可能就是一生中最难忘的一次经历。

·He felt happy because he had done a good deed.

·It was not until then that I really understood the meaning of the proverb:"Helping others is the source of happiness." 次到那时候我才真正理解那句谚语的含义:“予人玫瑰手有余香。”

·He will always be remembered as a hero.

 

课堂练习

     今天在我们班的主题班会上,老师号召同学们向发生地震的玉树孤儿学校的同学们奉献爱心,希望大家给他们捐款捐物。你回家把自己不再需要的学习资料,衣服,其中有一套你妈妈刚给你买的运动服,和你本来打算用来买一个MP4的压岁钱带来了学校捐给了玉树的小朋友。虽然你不能买MP4了,但你却觉得这样做很值得。请你就这件事写一篇日记。

提示词orphan school 孤儿学校       压岁钱   lucky money

 

范文背诵

 

观察下面四幅画,以图中小女孩的第一人称,写一篇100词左右的日记。

 要求:1.日记天气,日期,星期自拟

       2. 日记必须包括图画所有内容。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Monday,May20,2010                                                         Fine

     This morning our teacher told us something about the Hope Project in class. She said, “Now in the countryside many children still can’t go to school because of poverty. Can you offer them assistance?”

     After school, I went directly home. When I entered my room, I saw the little box in which I kept my pocket money. Though I wanted to buy a pocket recorded, I decided to sand my money to the children who are eager to go to school. So I began to write a letter to them at once. After finishing it, I went to the post office and posted all my pocket money, which will make a difference to some children.

     I felt very happy today because I’ve done a food deed.

 为了响应38年前毛主席提出的“向雷锋同志学习”的号召,配合北京迎“奥运”宣传活动,光明中学组织了一次到某车站的学雷锋活动。请根据下幅图画,用英语写一篇日记。

Tuesday, March 5,2002                                                     Fine

    Thirty-eight years ago, the late Chairman Mao called on us to learn from Lei Feng. To mark the occasion, we organized an activity at a nearby bus station today.

     At 8 o’clock in the morning, we arrived at the 712 bus station, where we were warmly welcomed by the drivers and conductors. Then we broke up into several groups. Some of us taught some drivers and conductors English, while others cleaned the buses. Still others directed traffic at the crossroads near the bus station and helped the elderly cross the street.

     Staff members of the bus station and our classmates then took part in a general knowledge quiz on the Olympic Games in the afternoon, which was great fun for both sides. Around four o’clock, we said goodbye to one another, and left very happy on the way home.

     Today’s activity has taught us the new meaning of the spirit of Lei Feng : Sharing with others what you have--- your time, energy, or knowledge--- makes you feel warm in your heart. It has truly made a difference in how I feel about myself. 

 

 

 

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