注册 登录  
 加关注
查看详情
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

xiaofang.16 的博客

海内存知己,天涯若比邻!

 
 
 

日志

 
 

反意疑问句特殊情况30例  

2011-07-09 14:39:24|  分类: 英语学习 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |
本文转载自快乐英语《反意疑问句特殊情况30例》

反义疑问句的形式:反意疑问句是附加在陈述句之后, 对所陈述内容提出质疑或通过反问以强化陈述内容的一种疑问句。

总体原则如果陈述部分是肯定的, 附加部分用否定形式如果陈述部分是否定的, 附加部分用肯定形式。附加部分的助动词和代词应与陈述部分一致。例如

 They are students , aren't they ?     

They aren't students , are they ?

特殊情况小结:

1. 在由 祈使句 + 疑问部分构成的反意疑问句中,疑问部分通常用will you

Pass me the dictionary , will you ? 把词典递给我好吗?

Don’t do that again , will you ?   别再做那件事好吗?

应特别注意带有主语的祈使句。例如:

——Alice , you feed the bird today , will you ?

——But I fed it yesterday.

2. 在含有let的祈使句后的反意疑问部分,如果let的宾语us包括听者(常写成let’s)时用shall we 不包括听者(常写成let us)时用will you Let的宾语是me, 要根据意思用will youmay I let的宾语是第三人称时用will you 例如:

Let’s go for a walk , shall we ?   我们去散步好吗?

Let us do it by ourselves , will you ?   让我们自己做这件事好吗?

Let me have a look at your photo , will you ?  (你)让我看看你的照片好吗?

Let him speak first , will you ?  (你)让他先说好吗?

3. 当陈述部分含有 must , 要注意 must 的含义。 表示 "一定要, 必须", 反意疑问句附加部分用 mustn't needn't例如:

 He must work hard at physics , mustn't he ?  

You must renew the book , needn't you ?

表示推测 "一定是, 必定是", 反意疑问句附加部分有下列情况:

A). 当陈述部分有 must be  ..., 反意疑问句附加部分用 be  的现在时态。

 He must be very tired , isn't he ?    

He must be working hard at the office , isn't he ?

B).  must have + 过去分词   表示对过去的推测

a). 单纯表示对过去的推测, 与现在无关, 反意疑问句附加部分用过去式。

b). 表示对过去的推测且影响到现在或持续现在, 反意疑问句附加部分用现在完成式。

 He must have come yesterday , didn't he ?

     You must have studied English for years , haven't you ?

     He must have lived here at least ten years , hasn't he ?

4.若陈述部分含有表“推测”意义的情态动词“can”时,其反意疑问句的疑问部分要根据情态动词之后的实义动词的人称、时态而定。例如:

Jack can’t be in the reading room, is he?    (can’t be“表一般现在时。”)

He can’t have gone home, has he?   (can’t have gone home 表“现在完成时”)

She can’t have gone to the party last night, did he?    (can’t have gone to the party last night 表“对过去情况的猜测”。)

5.当陈述部分的主语为nothing , anything , everything something等不定代词时 ,反意疑问部分的主语用it 。例如:

Nothing could prevent him from going there , could it ? 什么也阻止不了他去那里,对吗?

6.当陈述部分的主语为someone , somebody , no one , none , nobody , anyone , anybody , everyone everybody , 等不定代词时,反意疑问部分的主语用theyhe 例如:

Somebody took my umbrella away yesterday , didn’t they / he ?

昨天有人拿走了我的雨伞,是吗?

7.若陈述部分的主语是this, that时,疑问部分的主语用“it”代替;若陈述部分的主是these, those时,则疑问部分的主语用“they”代替。例如:

This is an interesting story , isn’t it ?

Those are your classmates , aren’t they ?

8.若陈述部分的主语是one时,疑问部分的主语常用“one”代替,偶尔用“you”代替。例如:

One can’t know what will happen in the future , can one? /can you?

One should learn more knowledge now , shouldn’t one? /shouldn’t you?

9.若陈述部分的主语是“the +形容词表一类人时,疑问部分的主语用they代替;若是表某一抽象概念时,疑问部分的主语用“it”代替。例如:

The rich are not always very happy , are they ?

The young should respect the old , shouldn’t they ?

The beautiful isn’t always good , is it ?

10.当陈述部分是主从复句时,疑问部分中的动词和代词应和主句中的动词和主语保持一致 ,而不是和从句中的动词和主语保持一致 。例如:

They know that he is from England , don't they ?

11. 当陈述部分带有that从句作宾语时 ,反意疑问部分应与主句的主语和谓语一致 。陈述部分是I /we think / suppose /believe/imagine ,反意疑问部分应与that从句的主语和谓语一致 .但要注意否定转移 例如:

He said his father had been sent to hospital , didn’t he ?他说他父亲已送去医院了,是吗

I think he’ll come to help us with our work , won’t he ?我想他会来帮助我们工作,是吗

I believe you have met each other before ,haven’t you?我相信你们以前彼此见过面,对吗

I suppose they are waiting for us now , aren’t they ? 我猜想他们正在等我们 ,是吗

I dont think he is fit for the job , is he ?

We think they have finished their homework, havent  they ?

注意: think等这些动词的主语不是第一人称 , 或主语是第一人称 , 而动词时态不是一般现在时或一般过去时 , 这时, 反意疑问句的助动词和人称代词要与主句保持一致

Mary thinks you will come to the  party ,  doesn’t  she ?

We had never thought she would play so well in the match , had we ? 我们从没想到她在比赛中能发挥得这么好,是不是?

12.当陈述部分是由“I’m sure that ; I’m afraid that ; We are sure that ; We are afraid that ; I feel sure that ; I hope that ; We feel sure that ; It seems that”等句型构成时,因主要意思在从句,故疑问部分的主语要与从句的主语保持一致。例如:

I’m sure that you know him well , don’t you ?

I’m afraid that he hasn’t finished that work , has he ?

I hope you don’t mind my speaking frankly , do you ?

It seems that you are an expert , aren’t you ?

13.若陈述部分含有由连词”but , and , or , for”等构成的并列句时,则反意疑问句的疑问部分要根据第二个分句的主谓语来决定。例如:

  We forgot to bring our tickets ,but please let us enter , will you ?

He failed many times , but he succeeded at last , didn’t he ?

He is a doctor , but his wife is a teacher , isn’t she ?

I speak Chinese , but he speaks English , doesn’t he ?

We must hurry , or we will be late for class , won’t we ?

She studies hard , for it is the third time that she has been praised , isn’t it ?

14.若陈述部分是主从复合句,则疑问部分的主语要根据主句的主语而定。例如:

  When you’ve finished with that book ,don’t forget to put it back on the shelf , willyou?

She was cooking when I came home , wasn’t she ?

It won’t matter if I’m late for supper , will it ?

You know that not everyone can operate the machine , don’t you ?

He said that he had been to New York , didn’t he ?

15.当陈述部分有“It is/was the first(second, third, etc)time +that从句”这一结构时,其反意疑问句的疑问部分要与“It is/was ”保持一致。例如:

It is high time that you went to school , isn’t it ?

It was the second time that he had been in love that year , wasn’t it ?

16.当陈述部分有“It is said(told , reported , believed)+that clause”时,其反意疑问句的疑问部分要与从句中的主谓语保持一致。例如:

It is reported that the police caught the thief yesterday , didn’t they ?

It is said that she has won the first place in this competition , hasn’t she ?

17.若陈述部分是被动语态形式且带有动词不定式做主语补足语时,其疑问部分中动词形式必须根据句意用不同的时态,分述如下:

A.若有表过去的时间状语或者谓语动词是过去是时态,疑问部分助动词did构成。例如:

He is said to have finished the research work last year , didn’t he ?

B.若谓语是一般现在时或主语补足语含有be动词时,则疑问部分用be的适当形式。如:

She is said to be running a big company , isn’t she ?

C.若谓语是一般现在时且主语补足语是完成式时,则疑问部分用have的适当形式。例如:

They are said to have read that book , haven’t they ?

18.如果陈述部分是I am…,反意疑问部分用aren’tain’t  I ?

I’m late , aren’t I ?   我迟到了,是不是?

Im doing well, arent / ain’t I ?我干得不错,是吗?

19.当陈述部分是感叹句时,其疑问部分要根据感叹句所强调的情况用he/she/it/they 做主语以便在逻辑上保持一致,反意疑问部分用否定形式,且用一般现在时的适当形式。例如:

What fine weather , isn’t it ?

What a pretty actress , isn’t she ?

How hard he works , doesn’t he ?

20.若陈述部分为“I / We wish…”时,反意疑问句的疑问部分用“may I / we?”;但若句子主语是第二、三人称代词时,反意疑问句的疑问部分则根据人称代词选择适当的助动词。例如:

I wish to visit the Great Wall , may I ?

I wish I could fly to the moon one day , may I ?

Tom wishes to go abroad , doesn’t he ?

21. 当陈述部分含有you’d better , you’d like to ,反意疑问部分分别用hadn’t you , wouldn’t you 例如:

You’d better take his advice , hadn’t you ?  你最好还是听他的建议 ,好吗

You’d like to go to the party , wouldn’t you ?    你想去聚会 ,是吗

22. 当陈述部分含有have to时,反意疑问部分的助动词应根据have的变化,分别用don’t , doesn’t , didn’t 例如:

I have to take this medicine , don’t I ?  我必须吃这药,是吗?

但是:当陈述部分的谓语动词是have ,有两种情况

1have解时 ,反意疑问句部分可用havenot)或donot)的相应形式

His brother has a new bike , hasn’t  / doesn’t  he ?

2have用作实义动词时 ,反意疑问句部分只可用donot)的相应形式

You have lunch at school  , don’t you  ?

23. 当陈述部分是there be句型时 ,反意疑问部分用be there 例如:

There is something wrong with the machine , isn’t there ? 机器出了毛病,是吗?

There is no time left , is there ?  没有时间了,是不是?

24. 当陈述部分含有seldom , hardly , scarcely , no , never , rarely , few , little , nobody , nowhere neither neither…nor…, too…to…”等否定动词时 ,反意疑问部分的动词用肯定式。例如:

He has never been to Beijing , has he ?

There is little rain this year , is there ?

He is too young to look after himself , is he ?

She is seldom late for school , is she ?

Neither of them knew his address , did they ?   他们没人知道他的地址,对吗?

He hardly speaks English , does he ?  他几乎不会说英语,是吧?

She seldom lends her money to others , dose she ? 她很少把钱借给别人,是吗?

注:在"too…to…”句型中若用形容词"glad , pleased , ready , eager ” 等时 ,不适用这一原则 ,因为此时并非表示“否定“含义,对于这点要特别注意。例如:

He is too eager to join the army , isn’t he ?

She is too glad to receive a doctor’s degree , isn’t she ?

25. 当陈述部分的主语是从句、不定式、动名词或词组时,反意疑问部分的主语通常用it例如:

What he said at the meeting is very important , isn’t it ?  他在会上所说的很重要,对吗?

To master a foreign language isn’t easy , is it ?  掌握一门外语不容易,是吗?

Swimming in rivers is a good sport , isn’t it ?   在江河里游泳是一项很好的运动,是吗?

Where to hold the meeting has not been decided , has it ?

Learning how to repair motors takes a long time , doesn’t it ?  

That he didn’t pass the entrance exam made his parents very angry , didn’t it ?

26. 如果陈述句部分含有un- , in- , im- , ir- , dis- 等否定前缀构成的派生词时 ,该陈述句部分仍作肯定处理 ,疑问部分用否定形式 例如:

You are unfair , aren’t you ?

It is impossible for him to make such a mistake , isn’t it ?

The students were impolite , weren't they ? 那些学生没有礼貌,不是吗?

He dislikes chicken, doesn’t he  他不喜欢吃鸡肉,是吗?

27. 陈述部分含有need , dare的反意疑问句

A). need , dare为普通动词时, 反意疑问句附加部分用助动词 do 的某种形式 例如:

 He needs help , doesn't he ?

B).need , dare为情态动词时, 反意疑问句附加部分用其本身。例如:

 We need do it again , needn't we ?       

He dare not say so , dare he ?

28. 当陈述部分有used to..., 反意疑问句附加部分用 didn't /use(d)n't例如:

 She used to visit her uncle on holidays , didn't / use(d)n't she ?

There used to be a peach tree in the garden ,didn’t/use(d)n’t there ?

29. 当陈述部分有ought to , 反意疑问句附加部分用 ought should例如:

 We ought to start at once , oughtn't/ shouldn't we ? 

     Such things ought not to be allowed , ought/ should they ?

30. 当陈述部分谓语有would ratherwould like to, 反意疑问句附加部分用wouldn't +主语 例如:

 He would rather read the text ten times than recite it , wouldn't he ?

You'd like to have some bananas , wouldn't you ?

  评论这张
 
阅读(69)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2018