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【引用】新目标七年级上1-9单元词汇及句型归纳  

2011-07-04 08:36:34|  分类: 初中英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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新目标七年级上1-9单元词汇及句型归纳 

Unit 1 My name’s Gina.

一. 词组

1. answer the question 回答问题         2. answer the telephone 接电话 

3. answer the letter 回信    4. answer the door   开门     5.look at   看   

6. the answer to the question 这个问题的答案.     7.look after 照顾

8. look about= look around 四处环顾    9. look like  看起来像   

10. look for   寻找     11. look down on  看不起   12. ID card 身份证

13. look up(在字典参考中)査找          14.an ID card 一张身份证

15. a piece of…一张(一片,一块……) 16. a piece of bread 一块面包 

17. a piece of meat一块肉  18. a piece of news 一则消息

19 a piece of paper一张纸

二、句型:

1. What’s your name? 你叫什么名字?  My name is …I’m … 我叫………

  What’s his name? 他叫什么名字?   His name is…He’s…  他叫……     

  What’s her name? 她叫什么名字?  Her name is…  她叫……   She’s

2. What’s your first(given) name?你叫什么名字?My first name is…

  What’s her first name?                    Her first name is

  What’s his first name?                    His first name is

3. What’s your last (family) name? 你姓什么? My last name is

  What’s his last name?                    My last name is

  What’s her last name?                    Her last name is

4. What’s your telephone number? 你的电话号码是多少? It’s…/My telephone number is …

  What’s her telephone number?

  What’s his telephone number?

  What’s your QQ number?    你的QQ号是多少?

  What’s your ID card number? 你的身份证号码是多少?

  What’s your bike number?   你的自行车号是多少?

5. Nice to meet you.= Nice to see you. =Glad to meet you.  见到你很高兴

     Unit 2      Is this your pencil?

一. 词组

1.How do you spell…?你怎样拼写……?

2. Can you spell…?你能拼写……吗?Yes, I can./No, I can’t. 

3. do one’s homework 做家庭作业      4. do the exercise 做练习

5. a set of …  一套,一列,一串    6. a set of keys一串钥匙 

7.a set of suit 一套西装8. phone# =phone number =telephone number      9. Please call 685-6034 请拨打685-6043。10.at the bus stop 在公共汽车站

11. Call Mike at 195-1539 拨打195-1539给迈克打电话  

12. at a high speed 高速    13. at home 在家       14. at school 在学校  

15. at the shop 在商店     16. at night  在夜晚     17. at noon 在中午 

18. at a low price 以低价格

19. The girl in a hat is under the tree. 戴帽子的那个女在树下。

二、句型.

1. This is …这是……   This is not … 这不是……Is this …? Yes, it is.

  That is … 那是……That is not …  那不是…… Is that…?NO, it isn’t.

  It is …   它是……   It is not …  它不是…… Is it…?

2.What’s this ? 这是什么?  What’s that? 那是什么?  It’s …  它是……

 What’s this in English? 这个用英语怎么说?What’s that in English? 那个用英语怎么说?It’s……它是…… 3. How do you spell it? 你怎样拼写它?

Unit 3       This is my sister

一.词组

1. a photo of my family=a picture of my family 一张我的全家福

2. Thanks for +n./doing=Thank you for +n./doing 因……而感谢,谢谢你……

二、句型

1. 介绍他人的句子:This is …这位是……     That is    那位是……

                  These are …这些是……  Those are… 那些是……

2.These are …These are not … 这些不是……  Are these…?Yes, they are.

Those are …Those are not…          Are those …?   No, they aren’t.

They are… 它们是……  They are not…  Are they…?

3. What are these?这些是什么?What are those? 那些是什么?

They are …. 它们是……。

4. (1)I am 我是 She is…她是……   We are…我们是……

He is…他是 ……       You are…你们是……

            It is… 它是……        They are…他(她,它)们是……

单数名词is(Jim is…The girl is…)     *and *are …复数名词are

(Tom and Alan are…The boys are …)                            

(2)Am I …?Yes, you are./No, you aren’t.  

Are you…?   Yes, I am. /No, I’m not.   Yes, we are./ No, we aren’t.

Are they…?Yes, they are./ No, they aren’t 

Are we …?  Yes, we(you) are/ No, we(you) aren’t.

Is she…? Yes, she is./ No, she isn’t.        

 Is it…? Yes, it is./ No, it isn’t.

Is he…?  Yes, he is./No, he isn’t.

Are the teachers(复数名词)…?Yes, they are. /No, they aren’t.

  Is Mary(女单)…?  Yes, she is. /No, she isn’t.

  Is Jim(男单)… ? Yes, he is. /No, he isn’t.

         Unit 4   Where’s my backpack?

一.词组

1. talk about 谈话   2. on the sofa 在沙发上   3. on the bookcase在书橱上 

4. on the floor在地板上          5. on the wall 在墙上(墙的表面)

6.in the wall在墙上(墙的里面) 7. on the bed 在床上 

8. be ill in bed 卧病在床         9. in a hat戴一顶帽子  

10. in a red jacket 穿一件红夹克    11. your ideal person你理想中的人

12 take…  to…把……拿走,把……带到(带去)……

14.bring…to…把……拿来,把……带来  13. need +n./ to do sth需要……. 15. between…and …在……与……之间

16. Please take these things to your sister请把这些东西带给你的姐姐。

17. Can you bring some things to school?你能带些东西到学校吗?

介词词组

1.in the desk 在课桌里        2. on the table在桌子上

3.under the chair 在椅子下    4.  between the two chairs 在两把椅子之间

5.between the two boys在两个男孩之间  6.  next to the door 挨着门    

7.near the school 在学校附近          8. behind the door在门后 

二、句型

. Where is + 单数名词?  It’s…

  Where are + 复数名词? They are…

 There is +单数名词

 There are +复数名词    “有”……

What’s +介词短语?(表示某地或某处有什么)

答: There is… /There are …

What’s on the table? There is an apple on the table.

What’s under the tree? There are some bikes under the tree.

What’s in the box? There is a pen in the box.

There is a pen and some books on the desk.

There are some books and a pen on the desk.

Unit 5. Do you have a soccer ball?

一.词组

1. play soccer 踢足球  2. play ping-pong 打球   3. play baseball 打棒球

4. play tennis 打网球  5. play volleyball打排球  6. play basketball打蓝球

7. play the guitar弹吉他 8. play the piano弹钢琴9. play the violin 拉小提琴

10. play the drums打鼓 11. play the trumpet 吹喇叭 12. play chess下棋

13. watch TV 看电视             14. watch… on TV 在电视上……看

15. volleyball club排球俱乐部     16. soccer club足球俱乐部  

17 tennis club 网球俱乐部        18. be interested in 对……感兴趣    

19. on the telephone通过电话.     20. at sports center 在运动中心

21. have a great sports collection有大量的运动用品收藏

22 have small sports collection 有少量的运动用品收藏

23. play sports= have sports = do sports 做运动  

24. join us 加入我们

25. That sounds good.那听起来不错

26. That sounds  interesting 那听起来有趣。

二、句型

1. I /We/You /They/*and */复数名词+have(动词原形)

  She /He/ It/单数名词+has(动词原形)        

  (表示“某人,动物”拥有或所有 )   

2. Let sb do(动词原形) sth. 让某人做某事(表示说话人的建议)

 eg. Let us go home. =Let’s go home.             Let him watch TV.

   Let me play soccer.                                     Let them play tennis.

肯定回答:                                 否定回答:

OK  /Yes. Let’s…                       Sorry, I don’t have any time.

 All right.                                       Sorry, I’m not free.

 That’s a good idea.                       Sorry, I can’t.

Unit 6. Do you like bananas?

一.词组:

 1. have lunch 吃午餐2. have breakfast 吃早餐

3. have dinner =have supper 吃晚餐4. eat well 吃得好5. a lot of=lots of许多6.(be) in good health身体很健康7. keep healthy保持健康

8. a running star 赛跑明星9. a famous volleyball star一个著名的排球明星

10. a football star足球明星   11. a basketball star 篮球明星

二.语法及句型

1. like to do sth. 喜欢做某事(表示一次性或尙未发生的动作)

He likes to clean the classroom.   They like to go to a movie.

2. like doing sth 喜欢做某事(表示习惯的动作或爱好)

 like watching TV 喜欢看电视like playing soccer 喜欢踢足球

3. 不可数名词:water, milk, orange, coffee, soup, clean soup, bread, rice, food, meat, pork, fish, mutton, dessert, broccoli, chicken, salad, ice cream (不可数名词只有单数,但单词前不能用“a, an”)

Unit 7.  How much are these pants?

一. 词组

1. at a good price 以合理的价格    2. at a great sale 在大减价

3. at a high price  以极高的价格    4. on sale出售,上市

5. bags for sports 运动包           6. clothes for children 儿童服装

7. a letter for you  你的信          8. books for children 儿童读物

9. buy sb sth.= buy sth for sb 为某人买某物   10. for sale 待售

11. help sb do sth. =help sb to do sth = help sb with sth 帮助某人做某事

12. have a look 看一看        13. have a look at sth. 看一看(具体的东西)

14. see for oneself 亲眼看看      15. (sth)need doing sth 事情必须被做

二.语法及句型

1. 问价格: How much is +单数名词?      It is …

            How much are + 复数名词?  They are …

How much is the pen? It is four dollars.

How much are the pants? They are 15 dollars.

2. 元(yuan)角 (jiao)  分(fen)(¥)

美元(dollar)美分(cent)($) 英磅(pound) 便士(penny)先令(shilling)penny 的复数形式是pennies/ pence

 

Unit 8.  When is your birthday?

一. 1. School Day 校庆  2. Art Festival  艺术节  3. Chinese Contest 汉语比赛     4. Music Festival 音乐节  5. English Party 英语晚会  6. school trip 郊游  7. English Speech Contest  英语演讲比赛    8. speech contest 演讲比赛            9. at the age of  在……岁时       10. give a speech  做一次演讲         11. be on a trip   正在游行          12. have a nice trip 祝你旅途愉快           13. make a trip to = take a trip to = go on a trip to 去……旅行

14. have a game = have a match   举行比赛                 

15. have a basketball game = have a basketball match 举行篮球赛         

16. have a meeting 开会            17. have a class meeting 开班会           18. have a birthday party 举行生日聚会     19. be born  出生                   20. Can I help you? = What can I do for you? 我能帮你吗?                    21. What’s the price of = How much is …/How much are …  ……多少钱?

22. What’s the date today ? = What date is today?

23. What day is it today?  今天星期几?

二. 语法及句型Grammar:

1. 月份:January   February  March  April  May  June  July  August  September  October  November  December (第一个字母必须大写)

2. 熟记  Page 100 的基数词和序数词

3. When is your birthday? 你的生日是什么时候/

My birthday is January 31st .= It is January 31st.

4. 名词的所有格

1.表示有生命的事物的名词以及表示时间、跳高、城镇、国家等的名词常用-’s表示

(1)单数名词或结尾没有-s的复数名词,直接在词后加-’s: Tom’s bag, 汤姆的书包Women’s Day 三八妇女节, China’s capital 中国的首都

(2)词尾以s结尾的复或单数名词,直接在词后加-’:Teachers’ Day 教师节, the boys’ football 男孩子们的足球 Ross’ bag 罗斯的书包.(以s结尾的单数名词的所有格也可以在词尾加-’s: Ross’s bag.).

(3)并列名词的所有格有两种情况:一种表示共同所有,只需在最后一个名词的词尾加-’s: Kate and Joan’s room凯特和琼的房间。一种表示分别所有,则在每个名词词尾加-’s: Kate’s and Joan’s rooms凯特的房间和琼的房间。

2、表示无生命的事物的名词,一般用   结构来表示所属关系:the map of China中国地图, the legs of the table桌子的腿

3、双重所有格

(1)用of结构与名词所有格-’s结合构成双重所有格:a friend of my father’s我父亲的一个朋友, one book of his brother’s他兄弟的一本书

(2)用of结构加名词性物主代词构成双重所有格:a pen of mine我的一支钢笔, a neighbor of his他的一个邻居。

5. 问年龄的句型

How old are you? = What’s your age? 你多大年龄?

How old is he? = What’s his age?

How old is she? = What’s her age?

I am twelve. = I am twelve years old.

Unit 9.  Do you want to go to a movie?

一. 词组

1. on weekends =at the weekend  在周末    2. on weekdays 在工作日

3. in the movie = in the film  在电影中     4. all kinds 各种各样

5. go to school  去上学  6. go to work 去上班  7. go to bed 上床睡觉[

8. go home   回家  9. want to do sth   想做某事  10. think of 想到

11. want sb to do sth. 想(让)某人做某事  12. think over 仔细考虑

13. think about  考虑  14. learn about 学习有关,了解有关

15. learn a lot /more about    对……了解得多 

16. learn     by heart       把……背熟,把……记熟

17. learn from each other       相互学习  18 a movie actor   电影明星

19. go to a movie = go to see a movie = go to the cinema = go to see the film

20. see a movie = see a film    看电影  21 a movie actress 男电影演员工

22.. What kind of movies do you like? 你喜欢哪种类型的电影?

   What kind of movies does she like?

   What kind of movies does he like?

二、语法及句型

(1) 1. 一般现在时: 表示 现在一段时间内经常性或习惯性的动作。

I                            She

We        动                He          +动词原形后

You       词                 It           加“s”或“es” (likes)

They   +  原(like)         单数名词

*and *      形

复数名词

一般疑问句                             一般疑问句                      否定句

I         否定句                                          She

       We                                                               He                               doesn’t +动词原形

Do   You       don’t + 动词原形      Does              It

      They                                                            单数名词 

      *and *

       复数名词

2. 一般现在时的时间状语:

in the morning   在上午      every morning   每天早上     

in the afternoon  在下午      every afternoon  每天下午

in the evening    在晚上     every evening    每天晚上

on Monday     在星期一     every year      每年

on Tuesday     在星期二     every month     每月

on Wednesday   在星期三     every week     每周

on Thursday     在星期四     every day      每天

on Friday       在星期五     every term      每学期

on Saturday     在星期六     every Monday   每星期一

on Sunday      在星期日    

often 经常     usually 通常    always 总是  sometimes 有时

(2)and 是连词,用来表示并列关系,意为“和”(用于肯定句)

but 是连词,用来表示转折关系,意为“但是,然而”

or 是连词,①用于表示否定的并列句②用于表示选择的句子

He likes apples and bananas.  She likes comedies and he likes thrillers.

She doesn’t like documentaries, but I like them.

They like singing but we don’t like singing.

She doesn’t like comedies or thrillers.

Jim isn’t at home or at school.

Are you a teacher or a worker?    I am a worker.

Does she like comedies or thrillers?    She likes thrillers. (选择疑问句只能用一个句子回答)

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